Embroidery is an ancient craft that involves decorating fabric or other materials using needle and thread. It has a long and rich history, dating back thousands of years and remains a popular craft amongst artists and creatives. Needlepoint, cross-stitch, chain-stitch, crewel and bargello are all types of surface embroidery.
These types of needlework can be traced back to prehistoric times when early humans used rudimentary techniques to sew animal hides and other materials. The art flourished in ancient civilizations such as Egypt, China, Greece and Rome where it was used to adorn garments of the pharaohs and high-ranking officials, embellish clothing and household items, and incorporating it into their elaborate togas and garments. Embroidery techniques were passed down through generations, and the art form spread across Europe.
The art reached new heights during the medieval and Renaissance periods in Europe when elaborate ecclesiastical textiles, such as altar cloths and vestments, were meticulously embroidered with gold and silver threads. Islamic and Indian cultures made also significant contributions by using intricate geometric and floral designs using silk and metallic threads.
When the European colonists came to America, women embroidered samplers, which were traditionally used as a way for individuals, primarily young girls, to learn the alphabet and practice various embroidery stitches and techniques. These samplers served as educational tools and reference guides, showcasing a wide range of stitches and patterns.
In the 20th century, needlepoint samplers went through a revival as interest in traditional crafts resurfaced. However, the style and purpose of samplers changed once again. They became more individualistic and artistic, departing from the strict instructional format of earlier centuries.
Throughout history, embroidery has served as a means of personal expression, cultural preservation, and storytelling. Its enduring appeal lies in the intricate beauty and craftsmanship it brings to textiles including decorative wall hangings, pillows, upholstery, purses, and even clothing.
Vintage needlework pieces can be found at thrift stores, estate/yard sales and prices can range from a few dollars to into the hundreds. In fact, a needlework sampler stitched in1807 sold at Sotheby's in New York for over $1 million dollars in 2012!
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